Object Description
Greek Ionian Ram’s Head

Greek Ionian vase in the form of a ram’s head, dated at 600-500 B.C. 

Identification Date
Between 2018 and 2021
Identification Location
Michael Steinhardt Private Collection 
Artefact History
Before 1978

Two regular-print images from the archive confiscated from the convicted antiquities dealer Giacomo Medici. The ram’s head appears resting on a linen fabric.


The ram’s head was displayed at the Musée de l’Art et d’Histoire in Geneva.


The ram’s head was displayed at the Getty Museum in Malibu, California.

12 Jun 1996

Robin Symes and Christos Michaelides sold the ram’s head to the Beierwaltes collection in Colorado, US, for $120,000 


The Beierwaltes consigned their entire antiquities collection, to include the ram’s head, to ‘Phoenix Ancient Art’ gallery, belonging to the Aboutaam brothers.


Steinhardt purchased the ram’s head from ‘Phoenix Ancient Art’ for $70,000.


On the request of the Manhattan DA’s Office, the ram’s head have been identified probably by the Italian authorities, in the Steinhardt collection. 

Artefact Status
February 2022

In December 2021, the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office announced that the ram’s head will be repatriated to Italy. Its repatriation took place on February 2022.